In order to push back on both a superficial religious pluralism and the apocalyptical “clash of civilizations” narrative, this project interrogates the eschatological claims of Augustine of Hippo, an influential Christian saint, and Muhyiddin Ibn ‘Arabi, the great Muslim sage. Taking Plato’s Theory of Forms and the Greek Myth of Er as a shared conceptual foundation, effort was made both to appreciate the common philosophical heritage of the Christian and Islamic traditions and to explore the tensions among the ethical and metaphysical implications of Augustine and Ibn ‘Arabi’s eschatological thought. While the Myth of Er envisions a cycle of reincarnation following a limited “afterlife”, both Augustine and Ibn ‘Arabi follow a linear eschatological trend in which a finite life on earth precedes an eternity in the next world. Augustine shares Plato’s low opinion of flesh and the material world, but, for Augustine, humanity needs grace rather than philosophy in order to overcome evil. Ibn ‘Arabi, like Plato, foresees punishment for sin ending after an appropriate duration. However, Ibn ‘Arabi contradicts Plato by viewing the outward nature of man as more stable than the inward.
This poster presents topological properties of N-bit ripple-carry adders and the effects of their topology, specifically their genus, on the speed of current flow. An adder is a very simple computer that takes input numbers (0 and 1) from logic gates and then adds them together. To create a ripple-carry adder, we take N number of adder circuits and arrange them in parallel. We differentiate between two kinds of adder circuits: half adders and full adders. Half adders are non-planar (has loops) circuits with genus = 1 that let us perform elementary addition operations using logic gates. Full adder circuits are non-planar circuits with genus = 2 that comprise three inputs (A, B, and the Carry input) and two outputs (Sum and the Carry output), sending the carry input from one adder to the next. We can think of the genus of a circuit as the number of loops a surface needs in order for a circuit to be drawn on it without any crossings.
This study collects and analyzes previous research of luxury car consumption to gain knowledge about brand prominence and conspicuous consumption through luxury cars. The study looks into the communication process (1) between the owners of luxury brand cars and the public and (2) between the luxury brand car companies and the potential or actual owners of luxury brand cars. The research focuses on BMW brand and its past and current business and marketing strategies to discuss how a luxury car brand can establish its brand image and build effective relationships with car owners. The findings of this research can be beneficial to relatively new luxury brands that were originated from mass car brands, such as Genesis by Hyundai and Acura by Honda.
Despite having great success in higher education, most studies of Black female students only focus on exploring the success of Black women and generalize the experience of all Black women. These studies have failed to explore social class, environmental factors, sexual orientation, mental health, and other contributing factors that can play a role in successful completion of education. A review of relevant literature on emotional intelligence and its emphasis on the importance of self-efficacy, motivation, a supportive environment, a focus on identity and goal setting will enhance academic adjustment among Black women. This research argues that by developing emotional intelligence, Black female students will positively influence their educational completion.
As a jazz pianist and music major, I had the unique opportunity to perform with and study Somali music. Through this experience, I not only learned about Somali music but also its significance to Somali culture and how music can act as a bridge, bringing together Somali and non-Somali communities in Minneapolis. As a result of my research, I’ve developed "The Somali Music Minnesota" website which displays information about the history of Somali music, events, and resources available for Somali music. Most importantly, the website includes a variety of Somali music excerpts. The site is accessible to English-speaking as well as Somali-speaking communities. Also included are issues and topics that were voiced by the Somali musicians I worked with and interviewed.
Phantom midge mandibles in lake sediments as bioindicators of historic fish absence in Minnesota’s shallow lakes
Holly Kundel and Isabelle Natrop
Research Question: Is Chaoborus americanus a useful bioindicator of contemporary and historical fish absence in Minnesota’s shallow lakes? The phantom midge Chaoborus americanus (Diptera: Chaoboridae) is restricted to fishless habitats due to their vulnerability to fish predation (Von Ende, 1979, Schilling et al. 2009). Their chitinous mandibles are preserved in pond sediments, making this species an excellent bioindicator of historical fish absence in water bodies with unknown fish colonization history (Lamontagne and Schindler, 1994; Schilling et al. 2008). Our research is part of a larger project using paleolimnological techniques to understand historical regime shifts (from clear to turbid states) in shallow lakes in the Prairie Pothole Region (PPR) of Minnesota (Hobbs et al. 2016). As part of the larger study, fish and macroinvertebrate communities were sampled and sediment cores were collected from a large set of study lakes in the PPR (Hobbs et al. 2016). We are interested in examining the role that fish colonization/extinction has played in triggering regime shifts in shallow lakes. Our current research objective is to test methods for detecting fish presence/absence developed in Maine (Schilling et al. 2008, 2009) to see if they are applicable to lakes in the PPR.
We examined differences between athletes and non-athletes on sensation seeking and attitudes towards substance use. We found that there was no significant difference between athletes and non-athletes on sensation seeking nor on attitudes about alcohol, tobacco, cocaine, marijuana, or ecstasy. However, athletes trended toward more favorable views about alcohol use than non-athletes. Overall, college students higher in sensation seeking had more positive attitudes about substances. Though conclusions are limited by the small sample size, sensation seeking college students may be at increased risk for substance use.
In recent years there has been public outcry against soccer clubs that have been spending large amounts of money in the transfer window. For example, RB Leipzig in the Bundesliga, Manchester City in the Premier League and Paris Saint Germain in Ligue 1 spent a world record €222 million on Brazilian soccer star Neymar. The transfer window occurs twice-a-year, from July 1st to August 31st and from January 1st to January 31st. During these time periods, teams can buy and sell players to other teams within either league or internationally. The reason for the outcry is the belief that these clubs are buying their success as most of these clubs do not have a long and successful history in their competitions. This desire to win, coupled with inflating player prices in the transfer markets has led to large amounts of money being spent and world transfer records being broken repeatedly. This research examines transfer window spending compared with other factors such as manager reputation, goal scored and conceded, and amounts invested in facilities such as training grounds and team academies in ensuring success for a club. Data from the official league websites for the top five leagues in Europe: the English Premier League, the Ligue 1, the Serie A, the La Liga and the Bundesliga is used to run several regression models of transfer window pricing.
A total of 60 Augsburg University undergraduate students took part in a survey to examine reactions to sexual assault disclosure among college students. College students were asked to either respond based on personal experience (i.e., reflective) or, when they lacked personal experience with sexual assault disclosure, to respond hypothetically. The hypothetical group indicated significantly higher unsupportive acknowledgement than the reflective group. Preliminary analyses also revealed that gender did not significantly impact the reactions to disclosure, though male college students reported higher rape myth acceptance than female college students. Given that more than half of the college students experienced a sexual assault disclosure from a friend, it is important to better understand factors associated with positive responses to a sexual assault disclosure.
This project focuses on how heritage travel can contribute to our understanding of transracial and transethnic (TTAs) adoptees’ adjustment. Transracial and transethnic adoptees are those who belong to one ethnic group and their adoptive parents belong to another. The study examines the impact of heritage travel for TTA adoptees (from China, Korea, Vietnam, and India). The study also looks at other factors (for example, family socialization, personality and ethnic identity) that can contribute to TTAs adjustment. A quasi-experimental (comparison and intervention groups) research design was used; the intervention in this study was the heritage travel tour. Data was collected three times: (pre-travel, post travel, and six-months). For my research, I studied two families who were adopted from Vietnam: one family who went on a heritage travel tour, and another family that did not. I then compared the similarities and pointed out differences in the family’s interviews through transcription.
We examined the influence of participant gender, sex of target and task orientation (judging appearance vs. personality) on participants’ tendency to exhibit an objectifying gaze. Preliminary results indicate no significant effects for any of the independent variables and no significant interactions.
Understanding the Needs of Transgender Young Adults Dually Diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder and Depression
This study investigates the mental health treatment experiences of one transgender young adult and one genderqueer young adult who are dually diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder and depression. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with these young adults and two of their parents. Interview questions centered around participants’ mental health treatment needs and experiences. The researcher conducted a phenomenological analysis of the data that yielded individual meaning units and global meaning units. The analysis found that individuals in this population experience low self-esteem, social difficulties, and a lack of appropriate mental health services.
Background: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is comprised of seven tests to identify compensatory movement patterns that may increase injury risk and reduce performance. A modified FMS (MFMS) was created by Augsburg Athletic Trainers to improve screening efficiency and includes three original FMS tests: shoulder mobility, active straight leg raise, trunk stability pushup, and a newly added test; the vertical drop jump (VDJ), all scored on a simplified 0-2 scale. Objective: This study aimed to validate the MFMS for DIII female soccer players. Methods: Sixteen NCAA DIII soccer players and twenty non-athlete controls were recruited and completed two trials of FMS and MFMS. Reliability was calculated as Pearson Product Moment. Concurrent validity was calculated between FMS and MFMS scores, using R Statistical Software. Results: Mean age of soccer group was 21 (SD=1.37) and control 21.05 (SD=1.61). Mean FMS score for soccer group was 14.38 (SD=1.54) and control 13.35 (SD=2.39). Mean MFMS score for soccer was 5.62 (SD=0.96) and control 4.95 (SD=0.69). Soccer scores for the first MFMS trial were significantly larger than controls’ (p=0.02). FMS reliability coefficient was 0.99 and MFMS’ was 0.88. Discussion: There were moderate positive correlations between FMS and MFMS for the soccer group (r=0.51) and for controls (r=0.46), but they were not large enough to validate the MFMS. When the MFMS was rescored on the original 0-3 scale (excluding VDJ) it was valid for both groups (soccer r = 0.79, controls r= 0.83). Conclusion: The MFMS is not valid, suggesting potential issues with the new scoring system.
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