Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Leadership (MAL)




On the global scale, Western values become the symbols of dominant mentality, economic prosperity, and possibly universal values. In general, Western values focus on free market, democracy, rules of law, separation between church and state, individualism, and human rights. In the past, major Western countries tried to promote these values through their political and economic influences on non-Western countries and their people. According to many moderate views of both Western and non-western scholars, these values are considered positive, constructive, and prerequisite for social and economic modernization of non- Western countries. Western values are primarily political, but their effects spill over to social, cultural, economic, race relations, and managerial issues in every level of society. Westernization inevitably undermines full development of indigenous cultures and traditions of non-Western people. Furthermore, it creates resentment among non-Western people toward Western values and, fosters racism and prejudice against non-Western people in Western societies.


SC 11.MAL.2000.Xaphakdy.PW