Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Nursing (MAN)



First Advisor

Joyce P. Miller DNP,RN


Hemodialysis is a procedure used to remove waste products and electrolytes from the bloodstream when the kidneys are no longer working. In addition to removing waste products and unwanted electrolytes, the process also removes some medications as well; 60% of the most commonly used analgesics are removed during dialysis. For renal patients who experience chronic pain as a result of their illness, this is a serious problem. Dialysis patient are held to the same medication regulations regarding frequency and dosing as the general hospital population, leaving them without pain coverage for longer periods of time. The introduction of a complimentary alternative therapy such as Reiki through a volunteer program using nurses from the dialysis unit could be beneficial to patients receiving dialysis. Studies have shown Reiki to reduce pain in a variefy of situations including dialyzing renal patients. Watson's Caring Theory provides a framework to support energy healing and the integration of a Reiki program for hospitalized dialysis patients. Reiki may reduce the pain dialysis patient's experience, while receiving their dialysis treatment, ultimately enhancing the quality of their life.


SC 11.MAN.2014.Burt.JL