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Matthew J. Haines, Ph.D. and John M. Zobitz, Ph.D.
To identify when gerrymandering occurs, one can study compactness measures of districts. After determining that some measures of compactness alone are insufficient to identify fair or biased district boundaries, this study's investigation continues by focusing on wasted votes. Using wasted votes, a procedure is developed and coded in R that takes a given congressional district map and alters it to provide a redistricting of desired fair or partisan results.
American Politics | Applied Mathematics
Robshaw, C. David, "Congressional Redistricting" (2020). All Zyzzogeton Presentations. 18.