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Faculty Mentor

Stella Hofrenning


In recent years there has been public outcry against soccer clubs that have been spending large amounts of money in the transfer window. For example, RB Leipzig in the Bundesliga, Manchester City in the Premier League and Paris Saint Germain in Ligue 1 spent a world record €222 million on Brazilian soccer star Neymar. The transfer window occurs twice-a-year, from July 1st to August 31st and from January 1st to January 31st. During these time periods, teams can buy and sell players to other teams within either league or internationally. The reason for the outcry is the belief that these clubs are buying their success as most of these clubs do not have a long and successful history in their competitions. This desire to win, coupled with inflating player prices in the transfer markets has led to large amounts of money being spent and world transfer records being broken repeatedly. This research examines transfer window spending compared with other factors such as manager reputation, goal scored and conceded, and amounts invested in facilities such as training grounds and team academies in ensuring success for a club. Data from the official league websites for the top five leagues in Europe: the English Premier League, the Ligue 1, the Serie A, the La Liga and the Bundesliga is used to run several regression models of transfer window pricing.

Publication Date



soccer, transfer window


Sports Management

The Role of the Transfer Window in Success for a Soccer Club