Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Education (MAE)


In accordance with the new federally mandated No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, states, districts, schools, and educators must set and implement a plan that ensures all students are academically proficient in the areas of reading, math and science by the year 2014. According to The National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP), the "national average reading scores of 4th and 8th graders have varied little over time, though both were 2 points higher in 2005 than in 1992. However, the scores of 12th graders declined 6 points during this period" (Livingston, 2007, p.6). As part of this research, I sought to determine what strategies teachers are using in upper grade reading and writing instruction and what instructional strategies correlate with high state student assessment results. My research question was: Which curricular approaches are found in schools with high student achievement scores from state and federal standardized test results at the secondary level?


SC 11.MAE.2008.Kinney.KM