Date of Award

Summer 6-1-2004

Document Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Nursing (MAN)



First Advisor

Ruth Enestvedt


ln recent years, the number of Somali persons being treated in health care settings in the community of Rochester is increasing. The understanding of the concept of pain within this population is important to consider for nursing practice in this region and across the U.S. A focus group was used to explore the expression of pain with 4 Somali women in Rochester Minnesota. This paper summarizes major themes and concepts from the focus group. lmplications for improving transcultural nursing care, including pain assessment, management and patient education are considered when looking at the results of the research. A vision of an advanced nursing practice tool that includes specific pain assessment questions is featured as a way to gain additional insight into providing culturally competent care to Somali women. The focus group research was guided by core concepts from Margaret Newman's theory of Health as Expanding Consciousness (HEC).


SC 11.MAN.2004.Ness.SM

Included in

Nursing Commons