Erin Ness

Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

MS in Physician Assistant Studies (PA)


Physician Assistant Studies

First Advisor

Dr. Alicia Quella


Recent and continuing advances in technology are impacting the practice of healthcare worldwide. Facilities are utilizing technology to provide patients with education, treatment options, consultations, and more. In the face of limited resources, emerging telemedicine programs offer opportunities for providers to connect with patients through videoconferencing, patient portals, etc. Telemedicine holds the potential to significantly impact glycemic control and self-management in patients with type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this article is to research the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of telemedicine programs for patients with type 2 diabetes. Using terms related to telemedicine and type 2 diabetes, PubMed, Google Scholar, and The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were used to identify relevant studies for the literature review published within the past ten years. For this article, the topics of type 1 diabetes and gestational diabetes were generally avoided. Information was gathered via personal correspondence from two healthcare professionals with experience working with patients with diabetes and telemedicine. Telemedicine, in various modalities, may be an effective means to provide patient care and allow for self-management for patients with type 2 diabetes; however, there are several limitations in the research. No clear conclusions can be drawn regarding the cost-effectiveness of telemedicine due to limited data. Further advancements in technology and research needs to be conducted to demonstrate significant results regarding telemedicine for future use.