Date of Award
Open Access Thesis
MS in Physician Assistant Studies (PA)
Physician Assistant Studies
Background: Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder triggered by gluten proteins in wheat, barley, and rye, necessitating a strict gluten-free diet. However, many individuals without celiac disease are adopting gluten-free diets for various health reasons.
Purpose: This study compares the quality of life and health profile of individuals with celiac disease and those following a gluten-free diet for non-celiac reasons.
Methods: A survey was conducted and distributed via social media to people diagnosed with celiac disease and those adhering to a gluten-free diet non-celiac. The results were analyzed via Google Forms and Excel to better interpret the data for visualization.
Results: According to the survey, celiac disease patients experienced a lower quality of life, had strict dietary restrictions, and were better informed and less anxious. In contrast, non-celiac gluten/wheat-sensitive individuals reported a better quality of life, fewer diet restrictions, and improved overall health. Both groups faced micronutrient deficiencies, raising concerns about the nutritional value of gluten-free products.
Conclusion: Understanding these differences is crucial for providing better healthcare and nutritional support for individuals adhering to gluten-free diets. However, the study has limitations due to self-reporting bias and small sample size, requiring further investigation to establish causative relationships.
Fuechtmann, Ellie, "The differences between the quality of life and personal health profile between individuals diagnosed with celiac disease and those who follow a gluten-free diet for non-celiac reasons" (2023). Theses and Graduate Projects. 1556.