Date of Award
Restricted Access Thesis
Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)
Lisa Van Getson, APRN, DNP, FNP-C
Susanne M. Cutshall, APRN, DNP, CNS
Michelle Ullery, DNP, APRN, CNP
Historically health care providers have used opioid pain medications as a first line treatment
however, as we are uncovering more science about our physiology and mental well-being, we are learning that pain modulation requires treatments that include a holistic perspective. A tool kit of holistic modalities and cultural care guidelines using M. Leininger’s Culture Care Diversity and Universality Theory can offer a more comprehensive and therapeutic approach to addressing pain in the primary care setting. Pain is a universal human condition; no one gets through life without it. Pain can be persistent, intermittent, include aches, twinges, or soreness, pinches, and prickles. Whatever the sensation, pain interrupts patients’ lives and can rob them of the joy of living with its crippling effects. Pain causes the nervous system to be on high alert and can cause feelings of desperation in a plea to make it stop. As pain management evolves away from opioids a holistic toolkit and cultural care references will guide providers in a new approach to care for patients.
Johnson, Bethany Kristin, "A Holistic Tool Kit for Family Nurse Practitioners Working with Chronic Pain" (2023). Theses and Graduate Projects. 1433.