Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts in Leadership (MAL)



First Advisor

Alan Tuchtenhagen

Second Advisor

Jolee Lilja


Within the context of the modern environment of business, competitive forces are lncreasing exponentially. Turnover rates have risen as a result of the business environment, leading to substantial scholarship on the issue to explore the theoretical and practical implications of turnover. Turnover is directly linked to organizational performance, and thus must be effectively managed (Park & Shaw, 2013). Herein, the reduction-in-force (RIF) form of turnover will be explored extensively, considering the various planning processes that may be executed to achieve it, in addition to its implications. A RIF turnover is defined essentially as downsizing (McElroy et al., 2001 ). A review of existing literature will frame the concept of a RIF, exhibit its methods, in addition to organtzational impact in terms of change and change management. From the review of existing literature, the results analyzed to generate themes to generate a best practices framework for a RIF undertaking. As will be demonstrated, the reduction-in-force strategy, when effectively executed and subsequently managed, rnay entail marked value to the organization, however, when poorly undertaken, can result in substantial organizational challenges.


SC 11.MAL.2016.Gonzalez.GJ