Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

MS in Physician Assistant Studies (PA)


Physician Assistant Studies

First Advisor

Eric Van Hecke, MPAS, PA-C, CAQ-EM


Background: HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI) affecting millions of individuals in the United States (US). Since the introduction of the HPV vaccine, infections have declined. Yet, many adolescents remain unvaccinated.1 This review analyses the vital role of provider and patient education in increasing the rate of HPV vaccination, and what strategies can be implemented to improve HPV vaccine coverage.

Purpose: The purpose of this review is to describe the factors that affect HPV vaccination numbers and how to increase HPV vaccination rates. In individuals aged 9-26, will increasing provider and parent education about the HPV vaccine, compared to current practice, increase the rate of HPV vaccination?

Methods: Search engines included PubMed, Jamanetwork, and the CDC using the search terms: human papillomavirus, HPV, HPV vaccination, HPV epidemiology, HPV provider education, HPV patient education, HPV trends, and increasing HPV vaccination. Inclusion criteria were studies that were published in 2017 or later, original research, and free full text. Exclusion criteria were studies that were published before 2017 and systemic reviews.

Conclusions: Increasing both provider and patient knowledge about the HPV vaccine will increase the vaccination rate. Strategies include HPV continuing education for providers, HPV health campaigns, and increasing access to Vaccine for Children (VFC) providers. More studies are needed to target the lower vaccination rates in non-Hispanic Whites and in adolescents with mothers with higher education.


SC 11.PAS.2022.Thonack.J

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