Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)



First Advisor

Marcia Bennett, PhD

Second Advisor

Jeffrey Brown, PhD

Third Advisor

Abigail Hughes-Scalise, PhD


Previous research has established a correlation between conventional adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and juvenile offending. However, the possible moderating effect expanded ACEs has on this relationship remains unclear. Using the 2019 Minnesota Student Survey (MSS), the study included 278 youth from juvenile correctional facilities in Minnesota to examine the impact of conventional ACEs on juvenile offending, the impact of expanded ACEs on juvenile offending, and the impact of conventional ACEs on juvenile offending, moderated by expanded ACEs. Findings revealed a statistically significant positive effect of conventional ACEs on juvenile offending. Expanded ACEs had a significant negative relationship with juvenile offending. However, expanded ACEs were not significantly predictive of juvenile offending when controlling for the influence of conventional ACEs. Clinical implications and implications for future research are also discussed.


SC 11.PsyD.2022.Revering.JC