Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

MS in Physician Assistant Studies (PA)


Physician Assistant Studies

First Advisor

Kristen Lindvall, PA-C


The increasing prevalence and healthcare burden of type 2 diabetes is a worldwide concern. It is the seventh leading cause of mortality and a significant cause of morbidity. While both the macrovascular and microvascular complications of diabetes can have a profound impact on overall health and quality of life, cardiovascular events are the leading cause of mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes. Adults with diabetes have a two to four-fold increased risk of cerebrovascular events and myocardial infarctions. Oral medications combat insulin resistance and aid in the control of hemoglobin A1c, blood pressure, and cholesterol, therefore, contributing to a decrease in potential complications of diabetes. However, these medications may be costly and unobtainable for those who are uninsured or face barriers in accessing healthcare. The foundation of diabetes management and prevention is rooted in lifestyle modifications, including physical activity. Physical activity has been shown to decrease the risk factors associated with macrovascular complications in adults with type 2 diabetes. Through the optimization and implementation of physical activity into diabetes management, patients with type 2 diabetes can reduce the risk of mortality associated with coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, and peripheral artery disease.


SC 11.PAS.2021.Gordon.RM

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Primary Care Commons