Date of Award

4-12-2017

Document Type

Restricted Access Thesis

Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Department

Nursing

First Advisor

Lisa vanGetson

Abstract

Suicide is the third leading cause of death among adolescents in the United States. Early identification and treatment are essential to prevent suicide. Suicide prevention programs have been developed and implemented in schools to bring awareness by identifying at-risk behaviors, warning signs, and providing crisis resources. As a result of adolescents spending a great part of their day in school, teachers may be the first people to recognize youth who are at risk for suicide and get them help. Therefor, the school is the ideal setting for providing information on depression and suicide awareness and prevention. Jean Watson's Theory of Human Caring Science will aid in developing a suicide prevention program to be used in the school system. Students would be presented information in various ways regarding incidence rates of youth suicide; warning signs of youth suicide; school and community resources for counseling; and issues about confidentiality. Limitations in the studies include whether diversity in cultural, racial, and ethnic backgrounds, as well as gender, could influence perceptions of suicide and prevention programs. Results show that students are significantly less likely to be currently considering suicide, to have made a suicidal plan or attempted suicide following the program at three months. Students' self-efficacy and behavioral intentions toward help-seeking behaviors increased. the goal is to eliminate youth suicide, and the findings in many of these studies lend support for suicide prevention education in the schools.

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