Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access Thesis

Degree Name

MS in Physician Assistant Studies (PA)


Physician Assistant Studies

First Advisor

Dipu Patel, PA-C


It is believed that people leave their homeland and come to America for better opportunities, freedom, safety, or second chances at life. As of 2021, Latino’s account for Americas largest minority population however measures to support their communities medically and socially have fallen short. The downfalls of misunderstanding the traumas experienced in their homelands, accounting for premigration, during migration, and postmigration stressors, and systemic issues that fall short in providing culturally sensitive care creates room for mental health challenges to accumulate. Cases of traumas experienced in homelands, cultural implications, the controversies, and difficulties of being held in detention centers, challenges with cultural assimilation, social determinants of health (SDOH), anxiety and depression prevalence, plus alcohol and recreation drug use prevalence with be evaluated and discussed in this literary review. An interview of a member of the Latino community will also be conducted to gain firsthand insight to areas of focus in this paper. The findings discussed in this research paper are compiled and extracted from peer systematic literature reviews, peer-reviewed articles, multiyear longitudinal studies, multiple logistic regression analysis, and meta-analyses published between 2003 - 2021. This research paper examines the strengths and limitations of the reviewed articles. Research from these different disciplines will be presented to highlight the mental health challenges of first- generation Latino immigrants and refugees and urge for further support to limit and mitigate these challenges.


SC 11.PAS.2021.Khan.H